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Malaysian Agriculture and Plantation Greenhouse Gas Equilibrium Model

The Malaysian Agriculture and Plantation Greenhouse Gas Equilibrium Model  (MAPGEM) predicts the economic impact of renewable energy on the Malaysian agriculture and plantation sectors. MAPGEM forecasts land use, resources, prices, production, domestic consumption, imports, exports, and greenhouse gases between 2020 and 2065. MAPGEM includes banana, cocoa, coconut, durian, forest, kenaf, mango, oil palm, papaya, pepper, pineapple, rambutan, rice, rubber, and agricultural wastes. MAPGEM allows the study of biodiesel, bioelectricity, butanol, and ethanol and their penetration into the fossil-fuel markets. A user can also study government policies such as a carbon tax, subsidies, and minimum biofuel mandates.


Although the author has applied for a copyright from the Copyright Office of the U.S. Library of Congress, users can use the code that comprises MAPGEM for free for educational and resource purposes. If you plan to use the code for commerical or for profit purposes, please contact the author for licensing information.

Download MAPGEM

MAPGEM is modified to study biosecurity issues for paddy. The program allows a pathogen to spread across the Malaysian paddy fields. A user can estimate economic damage from the pathogen and ex-post policies such as transferring the contaminated paddy land to crops or oil palm plantations, or farmers pay a one-time eradication cost to reclaim the contaminated paddy land.


Users can use the program freely for educational and research purposes.

Download MAPGEM for Paddy Biosecurity